Do Cephalopods Dream of Electric Eels? A Meditation on the Soul

The many arms of the octopus tangle as it swims in glorious red against the cold blue of the ocean.

What is a soul, and how could humans detect one in non-human animals? Perhaps the idea of a soul is far too human to ascribe to other beings. But we know that animals dream and have desires beyond mere survival. Inspired by The Soul of an Octopus by Sy Montgomery, we will look at the philosophies of what the markers of a soul are, and how they can be measured in non-human animals.